ancient history

History Extension focuses on the field of historiography, that is, how the past is recorded, interpreted and constructed by historians. It recognises that historical interpretations are the product of the historian, their context, access to and analysis of sources, and their over-riding purposes.  As such, historical debate and competing interpretations are both central to the study of History Extension.
Modern History covers mainly the 19th and 20th centuries. Ancient History stretches back to the first written records of humanity. For the HSC examination, Modern History requires 2 essays in the HSC exam compared to one for Ancient History, however, both require substantial reading and writing. Furthermore, Ancient History tends to have a social, cultural, and archaeological focus, while Modern History emphasises domestic politics and international affairs. Ancient History also requires the study of a key historical personality, while Modern History focuses on the forces, such as ideas, nations and movements that shaped the 20th century.
The SL course requires understanding of 20th century wars and authoritarian states from different regions of the world. Analysis of source material as an information skill is central. The HL course is focused on the History of Europe mainly in the 20th century with some 19th century content. Essay writing features heavily in both SL and HL courses.